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Do You Know About LEDs' Lifetime?
Addtime: 2013/11/19 Reader:1256  

Do You Know About LEDs' Lifetime?

 

Solidstate devices such as LEDs are subject to very limited wear and tear if operated at low currents and at low temperatures.
Many of the LEDs made in the 1970s and 1980s are still in service today.
Typical lifetimes quoted are 25,000 to 100,000 hours,
but heat and current settings can extend or shorten this time significantly.

The most common symptom of LED (and diode laser) failure is the gradual lowering of light output and loss of efficiency.
Sudden failures, although rare, can occur as well.
Early red LEDs were notable for their short service life.
With the development of high-power LEDs the devices are subjected to higher junction temperatures and higher current densities than traditional devices. LED performance is temperature dependent.
Most manufacturers' published ratings of LEDs are for an operating temperature of 25 °C.
LEDs used outdoors, such as traffic signals or in-pavement signal lights, indoor and outdoor lighting and that are utilized in climates where the temperature within the light fixture gets very hot,
could result in low signal intensities or even failure.
LED light output rises at lower temperatures, leveling off, depending on type, at around ?30 °C. Thus,
LED technology may be a good replacement in uses such as supermarket freezer lighting and will last longer than other technologies.

Because LEDs emit less heat than incandescent bulbs,
they are an energy-efficient technology for uses such as in freezers and refrigerators.
However, because they emit little heat, ice and snow may build up on the led track light fixture in colder climates.
Similarly, this lack of waste heat generation has been observed to sometimes cause significant problems with street traffic signals and airport runway lighting in snow-prone areas.
In response to this problem, some LED lighting systems have been designed with an added heating circuit at the expense of reduced overall electrical efficiency of the system;
additionally, research has been done to develop heat sink technologies that will transfer heat produced within the junction to appropriate areas of the light fixture.[Source: List of LED failure modes]

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